Indianapolis Pain and Wellness Center

Neuropathy 

Neuropathy

Neuropathy is a condition that affects the peripheral nervous system (nerves that are outside of the brain and spinal cord), causing disruptions in the way your nerves send signals to your brain and the rest of your body. This can result in a variety of symptoms, such as numbness, tingling, and pain.

There are several types of neuropathy, each with its unique characteristics and causes. Here's a list of common types of neuropathy:

  • Diabetic Neuropathy: This is a type of neuropathy that affects individuals with diabetes. It can cause a range of symptoms, including numbness, tingling, and pain, typically starting in the feet and gradually spreading.
  • Peripheral Neuropathy: Peripheral neuropathy is a general term for nerve damage in the peripheral nervous system. It can result from various underlying causes, such as infections, metabolic disorders, and more. Symptoms can include pain, numbness, and muscle weakness.
  • Autonomic Neuropathy: Autonomic neuropathy affects the autonomic nervous system, which controls involuntary bodily functions. It can lead to issues with heart rate, blood pressure, digestion, and other automatic processes.
  • Cranial Neuropathy: Cranial neuropathy involves damage to the cranial nerves, which control facial muscles, vision, and other functions. It can result in symptoms such as double vision, facial weakness, and difficulty swallowing.
  • Mononeuropathy: Mononeuropathy affects a single nerve, typically due to localized injury or compression. Carpal tunnel syndrome is an example of mononeuropathy.
  • Polyneuropathy: Polyneuropathy is the most common form of neuropathy and involves damage to multiple peripheral nerves throughout the body. It often results from systemic conditions like diabetes or autoimmune diseases.
  • Hereditary Neuropathy: Hereditary neuropathies, also known as Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, are genetic conditions that cause progressive damage to the peripheral nerves, leading to muscle weakness and sensory disturbances.
  • Alcoholic Neuropathy: Chronic alcohol abuse can lead to alcoholic neuropathy, causing nerve damage, often in the lower extremities. Symptoms may include pain, tingling, and muscle weakness.
  • Idiopathic Neuropathy: Idiopathic neuropathy refers to cases where the cause of nerve damage is unknown. This type of neuropathy can present as a complex puzzle for both patients and healthcare providers.
  • Toxic Neuropathy: Exposure to certain toxins, such as heavy metals or chemicals, can result in toxic neuropathy, causing nerve damage and related symptoms.
  • HIV-Related Neuropathy: Some individuals living with HIV/AIDS may develop neuropathy, often characterized by pain and numbness in the extremities.
  • Sensory Neuropathy: Sensory neuropathy primarily affects the sensory nerves, leading to symptoms such as tingling, burning, or numbness.
  • Motor Neuropathy: Motor neuropathy primarily affects the motor nerves, resulting in muscle weakness and atrophy.


Neuropathy is a complex condition that can impact your daily life, but with the right knowledge and care, you can navigate your way to improved nerve health. Our team of professionals are here to assist you with all forms of neuropathy, whether you're looking for information on prevention, treatment, or support.

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